Reading and Phonics Schemes

Phonics - Letters and Sounds

Throughout Early years and Key stage One phonics is taught in a systematic way following the Letters and Sounds guidance. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting in Nursery with the aim that all children will be readers by age Seven. 

There are six phases that children will experience throughout the programme 

In Nursery, the children experience 2 adult guided phase one focused sessions per week. They are also immersed into an environment where they have access to a variety of activities that focus on all the skills outlined in the phase one document. An example of these are singing sessions, stories or music sessions. 

In Reception, children experience a taught daily phonics session Four times a week as well as being immersed in phonics throughout other subjects. We teach two new phonemes (letter sounds) per week and have a focus on reading the sound one day and practising the grapheme (written letter) the next day. Alongside this, we incorporate high frequency words (tricky words) in which we learn to read and recognise them. 

In Key Stage One, the children have a taught daily phonics lesson five days a week. These sessions are in small groups and follow the Letters and Sounds program of learning, from Phase 3 through to Phase 6. The Letters and Sounds program provides daily progression and ensures children are able to build on prior learning each week. The children are introduced to a number of new graphemes alongside high frequency and common exception words (tricky words) that they are encouraged to both read and write in a variety of different ways. 

We strive to create fluent, able readers who are confident and show a love of reading. To help us to achieve this, we use decodable reading books throughout EYFS and Key stage 1. These are closely aligned to the letters and sounds phonics lessons that are delivered daily and are designed to allow children to read using the sounds and phonemes that they already know. When a child reads, if they struggle over decoding words, then comprehension is lost. The decodable books allow pupils to practise the sounds that they already know whilst building confidence, understanding and fluency. Through reading these, all children achieve success and this in turn builds enthusiasm and a love of reading. The books are a combination of fiction, non-fiction and poetry to allow pupils to a wide range of genres and to broaden their reading library.   

Around the end of Key stage 1 (or once they have finished the decodable reading scheme), pupils move the book banding system. Following a half-termly assessment based on their fluency and comprehension skills, each pupil is allocated a colour band and they self-select books from within this colour to read at home, with key comprehension skills being taught and developed through daily whole class guided reading sessionsPupils are assessed regularly to track their progress through the colour bands- the aim being to be a ‘free reader’ by the end of key stage 2 and skilled enough to choose and confidently access any book they wish.  

Alongside the decodable and book band texts, pupils self-select a ‘Goldilocks’ book, which they choose purely for pleasure. This could be a book that is a little too hard, a little too easy, or just right. This aims to develop the love of reading but also enables pupils to widen their vocabulary and understanding of different texts. Pupils can self-select from mini libraries for their key stage as well as the classroom book corners, where there is a wide range of genres including fiction books, comics, and graphic novels, as well as non-fiction books, magazines and newspapers. 

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